1. The generic use of "he, him, his, himself" should be employed to translate generic 3rd person masculine singular pronouns in Hebrew, Aramaic and Greek. However, substantival participles such as ho pisteuon can often be rendered in inclusive ways, such as "the one who believes" rather than "he who believes."
7. In many cases, pronouns such as oudeis can be translated "no one" rather than "no man."
8. When pas is used as a substantive it can be translated with terms such as "all people" or "everyone."
From these guidelines one can see that the participle, "the one who believes" "no one" and "everyone" can be translated as gender neutral, but the third person pronoun must be translated by the English pronoun "he".
In fact, Poythress and Grudem recommend checking for the third person masculine pronoun "he" as the test of a trustworthy Bible.
So what does the Greek look like? From my 1907 textbook which, along with my tattered dictionaries, is relatively unaltered by feminist agendas, these are the relevant paradigms.
The one who believes - πιστευων, πιστευουσα, πιστευον
Everyone - πας, πασα, παν
No one - ουδεις, ουδεμια, ουδεν
The same one - αυτος, αυτη, αυτο
Each one of these words is presented in three genders - masculine, feminine and neuter. In each case there is a lexical component to the word, the part which is constant. This part is usually translated. In addition there is grammatical gender, the ending. This part is not usually translated since we don't have any way of portraying, for example, that ekklesia is a feminine word; but kuriakon, from which the word church is derived, is a neuter word. Nor do we feel that this kind of gender dissonance is important. I wouldn't argue that we should translate ekklesia with assembly, rather than church, based on the gender of the word, but on the lexical meaning of the word.
What is it about αυτος that makes it mean "he" and not simply a third person of the same gender as the person previously referred to. Nothing at all. If that person is "anyone", or "a human being", "a person", a "believer", then αυτος simply means "that same one". There really isn't a word "he" in Greek, although some people might have that impression.
I have been reading The TNIV and the Gender Neutral Bible Controversy by Poythress and Grudem, but I still cannot explain why this pattern has emerged in the Colorado Springs Guidelines.
However, D. A Carson speculates, on a related matter, that the participants in the Colorado Springs Conference, "were blinded to the fact that the original words of God were ... not in English." Poythress and Grudem respond, "Among the original signers of the CSG three had earned doctorates in New Testament." I am still pondering this surprising information.
It now appears that not only were the guidelines drafted without reference to lexicons, but also without reference to introductory grammar books.
- After our June 3, 1997, press release we received considerable comment from many other scholars, and as a result made three modifications to the Colorado Springs Guidelines ...
Here is a list of academic irregularities in Poythress and Grudem's book.
1. They insist on the exclusive use of the masculine pronoun "he" for autos for no grammatically defensible reason. They inconsistently apply the rule that grammatical gender should be translated.
2. Before drafting the guidelines they did not look up adelphos in any standard Greek dictionary, and they do not consider how it translates the Hebrew word 'ach.
3. They remain unfamiliar with the use of aner as "man" in the generic sense of "people", although that is also in the 1869 Liddell and Scott Lexicon.
4. They insist on using "man" for anthropos (human being) always in the singular, and sometimes in the plural.
5. They insist on changing expressions from the KJV like Matt. 5:9 "the children of God" to the "sons of God", although this creates patterns never before used in major English Bible translations.
6. They are so unfamiliar with the Koehler-Baumgartner Lexicon that they spell it Koehler-Bahmgarter, Koehler-Bahmgartner, and so on, without actually fixing on a constant spelling for this work of reference. It gives the peculiar impression that they are unfamiliar with this work.
If Christians want to use Bibles that follow the Colorado Springs Guidelines, they must be informed that these guidelines have absolutely no scholarship backing them up. They serve the sole purpose of "reinforcing the impression of predominance of male orientation in generic statements." Poythress & Grudem. p. 451. They do not glorify God.
It is their insistence that in Rev. 3:20,
- Behold, I stand at the door and knock. If anyone hears my voice and opens the door, I will come in to him and eat with him, and he with me.