2 Tim.2:15: Orthotomeo II
The entry for orthotomeo in some lexicons is broken down into its component parts immediately. For example, I have a small Greek-English Lexicon to the New Testament by T.S. Green, Bagster, London, 1972. The entry for orthotomeo is
- (orthos & temno) to cut straight, to direct aright, to set forth truthfully, without perversion or distortion
- (orthos, temno) to cut straight, handle aright
In any case, after turning up such a short entry for orthotomeo, I went directly to the LSJ entry for temno.
But I want to stop for a minute and talk a little about the Perseus LSJ. Here is Ian's take on this,
- LSJ in "Liddell-Scott-Jones," the standard, but cryptic, abbreviation for the Oxford University Press "A Greek-English Lexicon." This is a massive work compiled by Henry George Liddell (1811–1898, Dean of Christ Church, and father of, inter alia, Alice Pleasance Liddell, the friend of "Lewis Carroll") and Robert Scott (1811–1887) -- as "Revised and Augmented throughout" by Sir Henry Stuart Jones (1867–1939) and others, 1925-1940, and since supplemented.
Perseus has a digital version as "Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott. A Greek-English Lexicon," which can be found by either scrolling down the screen or doing a "Find" for "Liddell" after clicking "Classics" in the left hand column.
Note that Perseus is usually slow, and sometimes glacial; and navigation can be frustrating.If you are familiar with the Oxford English Dictionary, the apparently "historical" arrangement of meanings in the entries should look familiar.
In fact, as in the OED, the arrangement is often "logical," and not based on dated developments, the surviving information not being adequate for such a reconstruction. However, it remains the first place to look; and is an absolutely esssential tool.
I left the display on Latin transliteration and entered orthotomew in the search window. Here is the page. Choose the link for LSJ and then scroll down for the definition. If there is a problem working this dictionary, it is most likely because the display and the text that one is entering are not in the same mode. Trial and error seem to be the only answer. There is the option of using the symbol font transliteration as well if that is any help.
I still have trouble finding my way around Perseus but I hope that this will be a beginning. Try putting in temnw in this page and see what happens. You must also select the LSJ link and then the entry will display. I still have trouble navigating and can only say that it seems to take some getting used to.
While 'temno' could possibly mean to divide into portions or share, it also means to cut off your head, or hack down a tree. It expresses both strength and sharpness. In that sense, I agree with Peter's recent comments associating temno with a sword, if I am guessing correctly. The association is there but the Old Testament use of this expression is leading me in a slighly different direction, one that is still full of masculine imagery, which I have no trouble with, and presents a more vivid picture than 'handle' or 'treat'.
Next time, I will talk more about the meaning of orthotomeo in Proverbs and how this is translated into English.