Did David come back to life?
will serve the LORD their God and David their king, whom I will raise up for them (NIV/TNIV)But David had been dead for a long time when Jeremiah was a prophet. How could David be raised up for the people to serve him as king? Would David come back to life?
shall serve the LORD their God and David their king, whom I will raise up for them (ESV)
will serve the Lord their God and I will raise up David their king for them (HCSB)
No. When the Hebrew text and these literal translations refer to David being raised up, "David" is serving as a kind of figure of speech. The name "David" in Jer. 30:9 represents something larger than the man David himself. This figure of speech is called a synecdoche, where the part (David) represents the whole (the Davidic throne or dynasty).
How many English Bible readers will take these literal translations literally and understand from them that God will raise up David himself? I don't know, but I would guess that at least some, perhaps many, would, unless they are taught that "David" doesn't really mean 'David' here. So teaching is one solution to the translation problem.
Another solution is found in versions which translate the non-literal meaning of the word "David":
But they will be subject to the LORD their God and to the Davidic ruler whom I will raise up as king over them. (NET)In Jer. 30:9, which translation approach do you consider more "accurate"?
Instead, they will serve me, the LORD their God, and a descendant of David, whom I will enthrone as king. (GNT)
For my people will serve the LORD their God and their king descended from David—the king I will raise up for them. (NLT)
As you answer, take into consideration faithfulness to what the Hebrew text said, what it meant, and readers' understandings of a translation wording. And by all means, let's avoid put downs of any answers which people give. Rather, let's try to understand what each person means by their answer. We can learn from each other. There is no single right answer or solution here, so there is no need to act like there is.